Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle (JCSM) Abstract


Proposal for new selection criteria considering pre‐transplant muscularity and visceral adiposity in living donor liver transplantation

Yuhei Hamaguchi, Toshimi Kaido, Shinya Okumura, Atsushi Kobayashi, Hisaya Shirai Siyuan Yao, Shintaro Yagi, Naoko Kamo, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
 

Background

The significance of pre‐operative body composition has recently attracted much attention in various diseases. However, cut‐off values for these parameters remain undetermined, and these factors are not currently included in selection criteria for recipients of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT).
 
Methods

Using computed tomography of 657 donors for LDLT, skeletal muscle mass, muscle quality, and visceral adiposity were evaluated by using skeletal muscle mass index (SMI), intramuscular adipose tissue content (IMAC), and visceral‐to‐subcutaneous adipose tissue area ratio (VSR). Sex‐specific cut‐offs for SMI, IMAC, and VSR were determined, and correlations with outcomes after LDLT in 277 recipients were examined with the aim of establishing new selection criteria for LDLT.
 
Results

On the basis of younger donor data, we determined sex‐specific cut‐off values for low SMI, high IMAC, and high VSR (mean ± 2 standard deviations). Patients with all three factors showed the lowest survival rate after LDLT (1 year survival rate, 41.2%; P < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, low SMI (P = 0.002), high IMAC (P = 0.002), and high VSR (P = 0.001) were identified as independent risk factors for mortality after LDLT. Based on these findings, we have excluded patients showing all three factors (low SMI, high IMAC, and high VSR) as candidates for LDLT since October 2016.
 
Conclusions

Using cut‐off values determined from healthy donors, we have established new selection criteria for LDLT including body composition, which should improve post‐transplant outcomes.
 
 
Hamaguchi, Y., Kaido, T., Okumura, S., Kobayashi, A., Shirai, H., Yao, S., Yagi, S., Kamo, N., Okajima, H., and Uemoto, S. (2018) Proposal for new selection criteria considering pre‐transplant muscularity and visceral adiposity in living donor liver transplantation. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, 9: 246–254. doi: 10.1002/jcsm.12276.

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